The Canadian economy depends on the immigration of foreigners due to labour shortages in Canada. The economic slowdown of today has had little affect on Canadian immigration. Last year, over 200,000 visas have been granted to skilled workers alone, and many of them have lead to permenent residency in Canada. There are many occupations that are being processed under the fast-track system.
In this system, priority is given to occupations that are in great demand. Due to these labour shortages, there have been changes made from time to time by the Canadian government. These positive changes were made to the fast-track processesing of Canadian immigration under Federal Skilled and Investors Class immigration.
Some of the occupations in the fast-track are: managers in the finance industry, computer & information systems, health care, restaurant & food service industry, accountants, engineers, financial auditors, specialists physicians, general practitioners, speech language pathologists, audio languistics, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, university professors, chefs, cooks, electricians and plumers.
Skilled Workers Class:
Individuals who have technical degrees such as engineers, doctors, nurses, plumbers, and all licenced professionals come under the skilled workers category. Under this class, applicants can come to Canada through an employment visa. Following an employment term of six months, skilled workers can be eligible to apply for permant residency in Canada through their employers.
PNP-Provincial Nominee Program:
The immigration minister, with the approval of the Governor in Council, has entered an agreement with provincial governments for the Provincial Nominee Program. Under this program, a prospective worker can apply for work authorizations under different professions regulated by provincial governments. After the term of their employment, they may be eligible to apply for permanant residency in Canada.
Investment Class Visas:
Those wish to make investments in the provinces of Canada are eligible to apply for investment class visas. No intention to pursue business or employment in Canada is necessary. This category applies to those who are seeking retirement or whose dependents are studying in Canada. Investments need to be made with the Government according to the following requirements:
1. Total Networth of $800,000.00
2. A total of $400,000.00 must be invested in an approved fund
Canadian Experience Class Visas:
Those that have gained experience working or studying in Canada are best suited for obtaining visas under this category. The Canadian Experience Class helps bring international students who have studied in Canada or temporary foreign workers who have obtained experience in the Canadian labour market become Canadian permanent residents.
Persons who have been persecuted by the authorities of their residing country due to race, religion, membership of a particular social group, nationality, or political opinion can make refugee claims in Canada. If successful, they are eligible to make applications for permanent residency.
Live-in caregivers are those that provide care for children, elderly persons or persons with disabilities. Caregivers must live in the private home where they work in Canada. If the application is successful, caregivers will receive a work permit. After working in Canada for two consecutive years, they may then apply for permanent residency. The requirements for live-in caregivers are:
1. Education of Grade 12 or equivalent
2. A job confirmation letter from a Canadian employer
3. Formal contract with Canadian employer
4. Six months of training OR one year of full-time experience (six months with one employer) during the past three years.
5. Basic knowledge of English or French
Family Class Sponsorships:
Those that wish to sponsor family living abroad as Canadian citizens or perment residents can qualify in this category. Canadian residents can sponsor their spouse, commmon-law partner, conjugal partern, dependent child (including adopted child) or other eligible relative (such as parent or grandparent).
To become a citizen of Canada, one must:
1. Be a permanent resident of Canada for a minimum of three years
2. Take a citizenship test if you are between the ages of 18 and 54
3. Attend a citizenship ceremony if you are 14 years of age or older
Immigration Appeals at IAD:
Any application rejected by the immigration department can be appealed at the immigration appeal division such as: refusal of family class sponsorships, rejection of permanent residence, hearing of individuals with past criminal activity.
Temporary Residence Permit (Vistors)
Those that wish to visit Canada for the purposes of tourism, family & friend visiting, or business trips apply under this category. Those that wish to study in Canada must also apply for a temporary resident permit as well as a student visa (see below).
A person who is authorized on study permit to engage in studies in Canada and who is studying or intends to study in Canada can apply/re-apply for a student visa. To be eligible for a student visa one must:
1. Be accepted by a school, collge, university or other educational institution in Canada.
2. Provide proof of sufficient monetary resources to pay for:
a. Tuition fees
b. Living expenses
c. Travel expenses
3. Maintain proper conduct in Canada with no criminal record or security risk to Canadians. A police certificate may be required.
4. Be in good health and willing to complete a medical examination.
5. Verify departure from Canada after completing studies.
Those wishing to study in a short-term course of six months or less do not need a study permit.
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